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Created ISO image using PowerShell

Some Enterprise Organisations do not allow us to use any software on their networks a. Any software to be installed would need to be tested, validated and approved by the customer.   Since we are working a lot on Virtualization projects,  it appears that some customers would need a way to copy data to their virtual machines.  One of the best practices would be by uploading ISO images to datastores.  Once uploaded, the ISO could be mounted in the target virtual machines and the data could be copied over.  

The script has not been written by us !! We have found the script on GitHub. The script can be found at the following location 

https://github.com/wikijm/PowerShell-AdminScripts/blob/master/Miscellaneous/New-IsoFile.ps1
function New-IsoFile 
{  
  <#  
   .Synopsis  
    Creates a new .iso file  
   .Description  
    The New-IsoFile cmdlet creates a new .iso file containing content from chosen folders  
   .Example  
    New-IsoFile "c:\tools","c:Downloads\utils"  
    This command creates a .iso file in $env:temp folder (default location) that contains c:\tools and c:\downloads\utils folders. The folders themselves are included at the root of the .iso image.  
   .Example 
    New-IsoFile -FromClipboard -Verbose 
    Before running this command, select and copy (Ctrl-C) files/folders in Explorer first.  
   .Example  
    dir c:\WinPE | New-IsoFile -Path c:\temp\WinPE.iso -BootFile "${env:ProgramFiles(x86)}\Windows Kits\10\Assessment and Deployment Kit\Deployment Tools\amd64\Oscdimg\efisys.bin" -Media DVDPLUSR -Title "WinPE" 
    This command creates a bootable .iso file containing the content from c:\WinPE folder, but the folder itself isn't included. Boot file etfsboot.com can be found in Windows ADK. Refer to IMAPI_MEDIA_PHYSICAL_TYPE enumeration for possible media types: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366217(v=vs.85).aspx  
   .Notes 
    NAME:  New-IsoFile  
    AUTHOR: Chris Wu 
    LASTEDIT: 03/23/2016 14:46:50  
 #>
 
  [CmdletBinding(DefaultParameterSetName='Source')]Param( 
    [parameter(Position=1,Mandatory=$true,ValueFromPipeline=$true, ParameterSetName='Source')]$Source,  
    [parameter(Position=2)][string]$Path = "$env:temp\$((Get-Date).ToString('yyyyMMdd-HHmmss.ffff')).iso",  
    [ValidateScript({Test-Path -LiteralPath $_ -PathType Leaf})][string]$BootFile = $null, 
    [ValidateSet('CDR','CDRW','DVDRAM','DVDPLUSR','DVDPLUSRW','DVDPLUSR_DUALLAYER','DVDDASHR','DVDDASHRW','DVDDASHR_DUALLAYER','DISK','DVDPLUSRW_DUALLAYER','BDR','BDRE')][string] $Media = 'DVDPLUSRW_DUALLAYER', 
    [string]$Title = (Get-Date).ToString("yyyyMMdd-HHmmss.ffff"),  
    [switch]$Force, 
    [parameter(ParameterSetName='Clipboard')][switch]$FromClipboard 
  ) 
  
  Begin {  
    ($cp = new-object System.CodeDom.Compiler.CompilerParameters).CompilerOptions = '/unsafe' 
    if (!('ISOFile' -as [type])) {  
      Add-Type -CompilerParameters $cp -TypeDefinition @'
public class ISOFile  
{ 
  public unsafe static void Create(string Path, object Stream, int BlockSize, int TotalBlocks)  
  {  
    int bytes = 0;  
    byte[] buf = new byte[BlockSize];  
    var ptr = (System.IntPtr)(&bytes);  
    var o = System.IO.File.OpenWrite(Path);  
    var i = Stream as System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComTypes.IStream;  
   
    if (o != null) { 
      while (TotalBlocks-- > 0) {  
        i.Read(buf, BlockSize, ptr); o.Write(buf, 0, bytes);  
      }  
      o.Flush(); o.Close();  
    } 
  } 
}  
'@  
    } 
   
    if ($BootFile) { 
      if('BDR','BDRE' -contains $Media) { Write-Warning "Bootable image doesn't seem to work with media type $Media" } 
      ($Stream = New-Object -ComObject ADODB.Stream -Property @{Type=1}).Open()  # adFileTypeBinary 
      $Stream.LoadFromFile((Get-Item -LiteralPath $BootFile).Fullname) 
      ($Boot = New-Object -ComObject IMAPI2FS.BootOptions).AssignBootImage($Stream) 
    } 
  
    $MediaType = @('UNKNOWN','CDROM','CDR','CDRW','DVDROM','DVDRAM','DVDPLUSR','DVDPLUSRW','DVDPLUSR_DUALLAYER','DVDDASHR','DVDDASHRW','DVDDASHR_DUALLAYER','DISK','DVDPLUSRW_DUALLAYER','HDDVDROM','HDDVDR','HDDVDRAM','BDROM','BDR','BDRE') 
  
    Write-Verbose -Message "Selected media type is $Media with value $($MediaType.IndexOf($Media))"
    ($Image = New-Object -com IMAPI2FS.MsftFileSystemImage -Property @{VolumeName=$Title}).ChooseImageDefaultsForMediaType($MediaType.IndexOf($Media)) 
   
    if (!($Target = New-Item -Path $Path -ItemType File -Force:$Force -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue)) { Write-Error -Message "Cannot create file $Path. Use -Force parameter to overwrite if the target file already exists."; break } 
  }  
  
  Process { 
    if($FromClipboard) { 
      if($PSVersionTable.PSVersion.Major -lt 5) { Write-Error -Message 'The -FromClipboard parameter is only supported on PowerShell v5 or higher'; break } 
      $Source = Get-Clipboard -Format FileDropList 
    } 
  
    foreach($item in $Source) { 
      if($item -isnot [System.IO.FileInfo] -and $item -isnot [System.IO.DirectoryInfo]) { 
        $item = Get-Item -LiteralPath $item
      } 
  
      if($item) { 
        Write-Verbose -Message "Adding item to the target image: $($item.FullName)"
        try { $Image.Root.AddTree($item.FullName, $true) } catch { Write-Error -Message ($_.Exception.Message.Trim() + ' Try a different media type.') } 
      } 
    } 
  } 
  
  End {  
    if ($Boot) { $Image.BootImageOptions=$Boot }  
    $Result = $Image.CreateResultImage()  
    [ISOFile]::Create($Target.FullName,$Result.ImageStream,$Result.BlockSize,$Result.TotalBlocks) 
    Write-Verbose -Message "Target image ($($Target.FullName)) has been created"
    $Target
  } 
} 

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